Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2015 was divided between three doctors that have fundamentally changed the treatment of diseases caused by parasites in the world through their innovations.
What is remarkable is the fact that their findings are derived from natural products, showing once again that nature can be a powerful source of healing. Although the Nobel for his discovery of natural home remedies is not actually shocking, it is important that it is recognized the potential for healing of nature.
Nobel Prize for Physiology and medicine in 2015 was divided between Doctors Youyou Tu, William c. Campbell, and Satoshi Ōmura for discovering natural products artemisinin and avermectin. Dr. Tu has received the award for his work for artemisinin, a staff member against malaria from Artemisia annua, a herb used in reducing fever for hundreds of years and about which there are many studies in traditional Chinese medicine.
The doctors Campbell and avermectin Ōmura discovered the antibiotic through analysis of some species of bacteria of the genus Streptomyces, micro-organisms found in soil, usually for natural products with anti-infective activity.
Both of these natural products have a profound effect in treatments against diseases caused by parasites.
(National Center for Complementary and American Integrative Health) Avermectins that combat river blindness comes from bacteria in soil by William Campbell from Duke University in the USA and Satoshi Ōmura Kitasato University from Japan share half of the Nobel Prize for a hard work in discovering avermectin.
Avermectin has eradicated river blindness and significantly reduced cases of hilarious lymphatics, two diseases caused by parasitic worms.
River blindness, which leads to chronic inflammation of the cornea, causing blindness, while hilarious lymphatics leading to the occurrence of chronic swellings and debilitating symptoms, including ‘ elephantiasis, ‘ a deformation caused by swelling in the lower part of the body.
Dr. Omura, microbiologist, isolated strains of a group of soil bacteria called Streptomyces in 1970. The bacteria were known as having antimicrobial properties, and Dr. Omura was focused on 50 of the thousands of cultures, which they considered to be the most promising.
The Nobel Committee congratulated Dr. Omura for his extraordinary skills ‘ in developing unique methods to identify products ‘ natural bacteria in the soil, but he rejected his work brought praise, saying, ‘ I only borrowed from the power of microbes.
Dr. Campbell, an expert in the biology of parasites, obtained from cultures of Dr. Omura and discovered one (taken from a lake in Japan) with results in eradicating parasites in animals.
The purified version was called Avermectin and was later used as the basis for the drug Ivermectin anti-interference, used both in animals and in humans for treating a large number of parasites.
Artemisinin against malaria, inspired by traditional Chinese medicine.
Youyou Tu, the pharmacologist at the Academy of Chinese medical sciences in Beijing, received the other half of the Nobel Prize for the discovery of medicines against malaria, Artemisinin in the 1960 and ‘ 70.
At that time, malaria was treated with chloroquine or quinine, but its effectiveness was low, and malaria was thriving. Dr. Tu has turned to Chinese traditional medicine based on plants and has sought that could help treat malaria from infected animals.
An extract from the plant Artemisia annua seemed promising, but without consistent results is the Artemisin API pelinului (Artemisia annua).
In a clinical trial conducted in the years 1970, Artemisinin had amazing effects on patients suffering from malaria; all 18 patients who received the herb were feeling better in a few hours and returned after a few days. Malaria is caused by a parasite species Plasmodium, spread from human to human via mosquitoes bites infected.
Diagnosis and treatment are needed to prompt you the disease under control and to save the life of those who are ill. Artemisinin can kill malaria parasites quickly is in an initial stage of development, which shows how it is effective in treating even the major diseases.
Used in combination with other therapies, it is estimated that Artemisinin reduces the deaths caused by malaria by more than 20% in total and over 30% in children.
These percentages are translated into over 100,000 lives saved each year in Africa. Add press release: ‘ the discovery of the drugs Avermectin and Artemisinin have revolutionized the way of healing for people suffering devastating diseases and causing paralysis. Campbell, Ōmura, and you may have transformed the treatment of diseases.
The global impact of their findings and outcome of the part for humanity are huge.
Currently, the World Health Organization estimates that between 50 and 80% of the world’s population still use traditional remedies, including plants, as the main instruments for health care.
The late 1800 and early 1900, you could find in a drugstore hundreds of plant extracts for sale. Up to 90 percent of the population knew at the time how to use medicinal plants around the House for treatment of common diseases and injuries; they had no choice, they are virtually the only ‘ drugs ‘ available.
Once the extent took from what is currently called allopathic medicine immediately after 1st World War the science of medicinal plant began to drop in the top choices, remaining known as folk medicine. Instead of watching the nature as a source of healing, as it has been for hundreds of years, people have begun to consider meds and other healing methods as ‘ modern ‘.