Peritonitis is an infection of the peritoneum. The inflammation is commonly the result of a fungal or bacterial infection caused by a stomach injury, an underlying medical illness, or a curing device, such as a dialysis tube.
The first step in curing peritonitis is determining its underlying problem. Cure usually involves antibiotics to fight infection and medication for the ache. If you’re on kidney dialysis and have peritonitis, you may have to delay until the infection clears up to get more dialysis. If the infection continues, you might need to switch to a different sort of dialysis. Your cure must begin promptly to avoid serious and possibly fatal complications. Symptoms will vary depending on the underlying problem of your infection. Most common symptoms of peritonitis include:
- Tenderness in your stomach
- Ache in your stomach that gets more intense with motion or touch
- Stomach bloating or distention
- Nausea and unsettled stomach
- Constipation or the inability to pass gas
- Minimal urine output
- Anorexia or loss of appetite
- Excessive thirst
- Fever and chills
Causes of peritonitis
There are 2 types of peritonitis. Spontaneous bacteriological peritonitis (SBP) is the end result of an infection of the fluid in your peritoneal cavity. Liver failure can problem this condition. Folks on peritoneal dialysis for kidney failure are also at increased danger for SBP.
Secondary peritonitis is generally due to an infection that has spread from your peptic tract.
Some conditions can lead to peritonitis:
- A stomach wound or injury
- A ruptured appendix
- An abdominal ulcer
- A perforated colon
- Diverticulitis, which is when pouches form on the wall of the colon and become swollen
- Pancreatitis, which is a swelling of the pancreas
- Cirrhosis of the liver or other sorts of liver disease
- Infection of the gallbladder, bowels, or bloodstream
- Pelvic inflammatory illness, which is an infection of a female’s reproductive organs
- Crohn’s illness, which is a type of inflammatory bowel disease
- Invasive therapeutic procedures, including cure for kidney failure, surgery, or the use of a feeding tube
Treatment for peritonitis
- Hospitalisation often in an intensive treatment unit
- Antibiotics tailored to the specific germs to kill the infection
- Intravenous fluids to rehydrate the physique and replace lost electrolytes
- Surgery to repair the ruptured body part and wash out the stomach cavity of blood and pus
- Peritonitis is the infection of stomach membranes, most commonly due to bacterial inflammation.
- Peritonitis is life threatening if not cured promptly.