Certainly, that even the most advanced artificial milk mixture for infants is inferior to human milk. Nevertheless, the development and the creation of so-called adapted milk mixtures, “breast milk substitutes” has been a long tradition. Today mixtures have a complex composition and meet the needs of the infant. They are created primarily through high cow milk. Also available are “substitutes” based on goat’s milk. What does it mean to “adopt” a mixture? This means that it is closer to breast milk in protein, fat, carbohydrate, vitamins and mineral composition. Because cow’s milk (and milk of any other animal) is not suitable for an infant. Some substances in it are too much, others needed for proper growth and development of the baby, are not enough. Optimization of the protein composition of cow’s milk is achieved by reducing the amount of protein and incorporation into the mixture of whey.
Adaptation fat (lipid) component of breast milk substitutes is achieved by the combination of milk fat and vegetable oils, or total replacement of milk fat with a mixture of natural vegetable oils. To improve the absorption of fat in the infant formula is administered as a small amount of emulsifier (lecithin, mono- and diglycerides), as well as vitamin-like substance – carnitine. To adapt the carbohydrate composition of human milk substitutes using different combinations of carbohydrates – lactose, maltose, dextrin, starch, and others. The content of protein, fat, carbohydrates, minerals and vitamins in the mixtures is strictly regulated. It shall conform to domestic (“Hygienic requirements for safety and nutritional value of foods,” Sanitary 220.127.116.118-01, p.18.104.22.168.) And international (Codex Alimentarius Commission of FAO / WHO; European Society or Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition / ESPGAN / EC Directive 1996) standards for adapted milk mixtures. Along with breast milk substitutes intended for feeding healthy children, there is a group of products for feeding infants with functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract (vomiting, colic, unstable stool, constipation). In a series of dry fresh mixtures is included bifidobacteria are which protected the intestinal flora of the child. These include “Nutrilak-Beefy” (Group Nutritec, Russia), “Nan-6-12 with bifidobacteria” (Nestle, Switzerland).
Adapted milk formula
Fermented with probiotics Mixtures based on soy protein isolate Mixtures for LBW and preterm infants Low and lactose mixture Mixtures for children with functional disorders of the gastrointestinal tract (vomiting, colic, constipation) Hypoallergenic mixture (based on the partial hydrolysis of protein and depth) Specially blended for children with metabolic disorders All mixtures were separated according to the age of the child. There is a mixture intended for infant feeding, starting from the first days of life – the so-called basic, primary, or a mixture of starting the first formula. Children of the second half recommended “next” mixture. The figure 2 standing on the label next to the name of the product, indicating that these mixtures should be recommended from the age of 6 months. Due to their composition, they differ largely from breast milk – are higher in protein levels of minerals and vitamins and may be missing certain components which are included in the initial mixture. Nevertheless, they meet the needs of the baby of the second half of life. Furthermore, these compounds contain more iron which contributes to the prevention of anemia in children. The third group consists of a mixture of “0 to 12 months,” which can be used throughout the first year of life.