Hyperpigmentation is a big word, and that’s because it is. It is a significant problem that people of all ages deal with. The world comprises people with a wide range of skin tones, from extremely pale to very dark. Over this range of skin tones, there are a number of conditions that affect skin pigmentation, leading to issues like Hyperpigmentation (dark patches of skin that are darker than your skin tone) and hypopigmentation (patches of skin that are paler than your real skin tone).
What is hyperpigmentation?
Sometimes overproduction of melanin (the pigment that provides color to the skin) in some areas of the body, can cause hyperpigmentation. Understanding the root causes of this ailment as well as its treatment options is crucial. These can occur in the form of small or huge brown patches, and it may also show elsewhere other than the face, arms, and sometimes even hands.
Hyperpigmentation comes in different forms:
Dark spots that are present right from birth are typically referred to as birthmarks. These are caused by malformation of blood vessels and clusters made of pigmented cells. These marks typically fade or disappear with time.
Dark to light brown pigmentation on the face is known as melasma. Particularly, pregnancy-associated hormonal changes, are the main causes of this type of shift in skin tone aside from sun exposure. These spots generally show up on the cheeks, forehead, and bridge of the nose, chin, and upper lip. An adverse effect of using birth control tablets is the development of melasma. Sunlight rays make melasma worse, thus it is important to apply sunscreen even if you are not receiving therapy for it.
Freckles are tiny brown spots that appear on your skin after spending a lot of time in the sun. Freckles are most frequently found on the hands, chest, neck, and face. Freckles can also appear in older adults which can also be referred to as age spots.
POST-INFLAMMATORY HYPERPIGMENTATION (PIH)
Acne and any type of skin damage are linked to PIH. In response to the injury, dark patches brought on by acne scratches from any insect bite, or pigment cells might result in more uneven skin tone.
How to reduce hyperpigmentation without surgical methods
Pigment controller ge l: It is an intense, multi-action formulation that evens the appearance of skin discoloration and tackles the sources of uneven coloring on the skin . With the proper combination of strong nutrients including vitamin C, glutathione, licorice extract, and Alpha arbutin, Derma Essentia Pigment Controller Gel helps to heal dark spots and hyperpigmentation. Enhancing skin radiance and improving skin texture, it aids in melasma reduction and goes for every skin type.
Vitamin C reduces the enzymatic activity of the enzyme tyrosinase, to reduce excessive melanin production. It is frequently used in dermatology to lighten hyperpigmented skin lesions. Additionally, gingival melanin hyperpigmentation (gum hyperpigmentation) has been treated with it. Also, skin that has undergone photodamage or is older has lower vitamin C levels. Sun damage is caused by free radicals. Vitamin C, however, contains antioxidants that deactivate free radicals, protecting healthy skin cells. Human skin requires vitamin C for a variety of functions, including the production of dermal collagen, anti-aging, and antioxidant defense. It is an excellent lightening agent that works to lighten brown spots without changing the natural coloring of the skin.
Our bodies naturally contain glutathione, a potent antioxidant that also has tyrosinase inhibitory properties. It is sometimes called the “master antioxidant” because of its unmatched capacity to renew the skin on all levels and remove free radicals. In addition to reducing fine lines and wrinkles, glutathione may also aid persons with darker skin types combat the signs of hyperpigmentation.
Licorice Root is typically used to sweeten drinks and candies, but it could also make your skin look better. In addition to being very effective, the extract of licorice root is a modern skincare component. By stopping melanin formation at the source, licorice root extract helps lighten your dark patches and discoloration. Additionally, Licorice Root can help break up and disperse existing melanin patches on your body.
Alpha arbutin is a naturally occurring hydroquinone derivative that is isolated from dried plant leaves, including those of cranberry, blueberry, and bearberry. Hydroquinone is a frequent skin-lightening agent. An effective skin-lightening agent, alpha-arbutin for skin helps to fade pigmentation and age spots brought on by acne or sun damage. Tyrosinase activity is decreased by alpha arbutin, which lessens the production of melanin in your skin. Tyrosine and melanin levels that are lower offer a more equal appearance by reducing pigmentation and dark areas.
Tips to control hyperpigmentation in the Future.
Avoid being in the sun. Sit outside under an umbrella. And don’t ever forget to apply SPF to shield your skin from UV rays. Include vitamins in your everyday skincare routine. Vitamin C is a nutrient-rich antioxidant with potent anti-aging and skin-brightening properties that, among other things, help combat free radicals and reduce the harm brought on by excessive sun exposure. Refrain from touching your skin because picking or scratching a mosquito bite or spot can cause inflammation and result in darker pigmentation on your face. Make careful to wash your hands before touching your skin, such as when applying skin care products or makeup. Always follow a good skincare routine to heal your skin after a long day in sun, pollution, and dust.